FAN1, Fanconi-associated nuclease 1
Enzyme Classification 3.1.21.-
Also Known as
FAN1_HUMAN, FAN1, KIAA1018, MTMR15
Nuclease required for the repair of DNA interstrand cross-links (ICL) recruited at sites of DNA damage by monoubiquitinated FANCD2. Specifically involved in repair of ICL-induced DNA breaks by being required for efficient homologous recombination, probably in the resolution of homologous recombination intermediates (PubMed:20603015, PubMed:20603016, PubMed:20603073, PubMed:20671156, PubMed:24981866, PubMed:25430771). Not involved in DNA double-strand breaks resection (PubMed:20603015, PubMed:20603016). Acts as a 5'-3' exonuclease that anchors at a cut end of DNA and cleaves DNA successively at every third nucleotide, allowing to excise an ICL from one strand through flanking incisions. Probably keeps excising with 3'-flap annealing until it reaches and unhooks the ICL (PubMed:25430771). Acts at sites that have a 5'-terminal phosphate anchor at a nick or a 1- or 2-nucleotide flap and is augmented by a 3' flap (PubMed:25430771). Also has endonuclease activity toward 5'-flaps (PubMed:20603015, PubMed:20603016, PubMed:24981866). Interacts with FANCD2 (when monoubiquitinated). Interacts with FANCI, MLH1, MLH3 and PMS2.