POLH, DNA polymerase eta
Enzyme Classification 184.108.40.206
Also Known as
POLH_HUMAN, POLH, RAD30, RAD30A, XPV
DNA polymerase specifically involved in the DNA repair by translesion synthesis (TLS) (PubMed:10385124, PubMed:11743006, PubMed:24449906). Due to low processivity on both damaged and normal DNA, cooperates with the heterotetrameric (REV3L, REV7, POLD2 and POLD3) POLZ complex for complete bypass of DNA lesions. Inserts one or 2 nucleotide(s) opposite the lesion, the primer is further extended by the tetrameric POLZ complex. In the case of 1,2-intrastrand d(GpG)-cisplatin cross-link, inserts dCTP opposite the 3' guanine (PubMed:24449906). Particularly important for the repair of UV-induced pyrimidine dimers (PubMed:10385124, PubMed:11743006). Although inserts the correct base, may cause base transitions and transversions depending upon the context. May play a role in hypermutation at immunoglobulin genes (PubMed:11376341, PubMed:14734526). Forms a Schiff base with 5'-deoxyribose phosphate at abasic sites, but does not have any lyase activity, preventing the release of the 5'-deoxyribose phosphate (5'-dRP) residue. This covalent trapping of the enzyme by the 5'-dRP residue inhibits its DNA synthetic activity during base excision repair, thereby avoiding high incidence of mutagenesis (PubMed:14630940). Targets POLI to replication foci (PubMed:12606586). Interacts with REV1 (By similarity). Interacts with monoubiquitinated PCNA, but not unmodified PCNA (PubMed:15149598). Interacts with POLI; this interaction targets POLI to the replication machinery (PubMed:12606586). Interacts with PALB2 and BRCA2; the interactions are direct and are required to sustain the recruitment of POLH at blocked replication forks and to stimulate POLH-dependent DNA synthesis on D loop substrates (PubMed:24485656).