DNMT3B (Q9UBC3) - Overview - Molecular Target Synopsis
DNMT3B, DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 3B
Enzyme Classification 220.127.116.11
Also Known as DNM3B_HUMAN, DNMT3B
Required for genome-wide de novo methylation and is essential for the establishment of DNA methylation patterns during development. DNA methylation is coordinated with methylation of histones. May preferentially methylates nucleosomal DNA within the nucleosome core region. May function as transcriptional co-repressor by associating with CBX4 and independently of DNA methylation. Seems to be involved in gene silencing (By similarity). In association with DNMT1 and via the recruitment of CTCFL/BORIS, involved in activation of BAG1 gene expression by modulating dimethylation of promoter histone H3 at H3K4 and H3K9. Isoforms 4 and 5 are probably not functional due to the deletion of two conserved methyltransferase motifs. Function as transcriptional corepressor by associating with ZHX1. Required for DUX4 silencing in somatic cells (PubMed:27153398). Interacts with BAZ2A/TIP5, SUV39H1 and CBX4. Interacts with UHRF1 (By similarity). Interacts with DNMT1 and DNMT3A, SETDB1, UBL1, UBE2I9 and ZHX1. Interacts with the PRC2/EED-EZH2 complex.
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UniProt: DNMT3B is active in the following subcellular-locations: nucleus.
GO terms: DNMT3B is active in the following subcellular-locations: intracellular membrane-bounded organelle, nucleoplasm, nucleus.