DROSHA, Ribonuclease 3
Enzyme Classification 18.104.22.168
Also Known as
RNC_HUMAN, DROSHA, RN3, RNASE3L, RNASEN
Ribonuclease III double-stranded (ds) RNA-specific endoribonuclease that is involved in the initial step of microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis. Component of the microprocessor complex that is required to process primary miRNA transcripts (pri-miRNAs) to release precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA) in the nucleus. Within the microprocessor complex, DROSHA cleaves the 3' and 5' strands of a stem-loop in pri-miRNAs (processing center 11 bp from the dsRNA-ssRNA junction) to release hairpin-shaped pre-miRNAs that are subsequently cut by the cytoplasmic DICER to generate mature miRNAs. Involved also in pre-rRNA processing. Cleaves double-strand RNA and does not cleave single-strand RNA. Involved in the formation of GW bodies. Component of the microprocessor complex, or pri-miRNA processing protein complex, which is composed of DROSHA and DGCR8 (PubMed:15589161, PubMed:15574589, PubMed:15531877, PubMed:16751099, PubMed:26027739, PubMed:26748718). The microprocessor complex is a heterotrimer; each of the two DROSHA RNase III domains binds one DGCR8 (via C-terminal region) (PubMed:26027739, PubMed:26748718). Interacts with SP1 and SNIP1 (PubMed:10976766, PubMed:18632581). Interacts with SRRT/ARS2.