Ngly1, Peptide-N(4)-(N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminyl)asparagine amidase
Enzyme Classification 220.127.116.11
Also Known as
Specifically deglycosylates the denatured form of N-linked glycoproteins in the cytoplasm and assists their proteasome-mediated degradation. Cleaves the beta-aspartyl-glucosamine (GlcNAc) of the glycan and the amide side chain of Asn, converting Asn to Asp. Prefers proteins containing high-mannose over those bearing complex type oligosaccharides. Can recognize misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum that are exported to the cytosol to be destroyed and deglycosylate them, while it has no activity toward native proteins. Deglycosylation is a prerequisite for subsequent proteasome-mediated degradation of some, but not all, misfolded glycoproteins. Component of a complex required to couple retrotranslocation, ubiquitination and deglycosylation composed of NGLY1, SAKS1, AMFR, VCP and RAD23B. Interacts with the proteasome components RAD23B and PSMC1. Interacts with directly with VCP. Interacts with DERL1, bringing it close to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Interacts with SAKS1.