MSL2 (Q9HCI7) - Overview - Molecular Target Synopsis
MSL2, E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase MSL2
Enzyme Classification 2.3.2.-
Also Known as MSL2_HUMAN, MSL2, KIAA1585, MSL2L1, RNF184
Component of histone acetyltransferase complex responsible for the majority of histone H4 acetylation at lysine 16 which is implicated in the formation of higher-order chromatin structure. Acts as an E3 ubiquitin ligase that promotes monoubiquitination of histone H2B at 'Lys-35' (H2BK34Ub), but not that of H2A. This activity is greatly enhanced by heterodimerization with MSL1. H2B ubiquitination in turn stimulates histine H3 methylation at 'Lys-4' (H3K4me) and 'Lys-79' (H3K79me) and leads to gene activation, including that of HOXA9 and MEIS1. Component of a multisubunit histone acetyltransferase complex (MSL) at least composed of the KAT8/MOF/MYST1, MSL1/hampin, MSL2 and MSL3. Forms a MSL heterotetrameric core with MSL1.
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GO terms: MSL2 is active in the following subcellular-locations: MSL complex, nucleoplasm.