Molecular Target Synopsis
Domains and Structures
Drugs and Clinical Candidates
Ligand Efficiency Plot
Family Cladogram
Interaction Network
Gene Expression
Gene Copy Number Variation
Germline Genetics

NEIL3 (Q8TAT5) - Overview - Molecular Target Synopsis


NEIL3, Endonuclease 8-like 3
Enzyme Classification 3.2.2.-
UniProt Q8TAT5

Also Known as NEIL3_HUMAN, NEIL3

DNA glycosylase which prefers single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), or partially ssDNA structures such as bubble and fork structures, to double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). In vitro, displays strong glycosylase activity towards the hydantoin lesions spiroiminodihydantoin (Sp) and guanidinohydantoin (Gh) in both ssDNA and dsDNA; also recognizes FapyA, FapyG, 5-OHU, 5-OHC, 5-OHMH, Tg and 8-oxoA lesions in ssDNA. No activity on 8-oxoG detected. Also shows weak DNA-(apurinic or apyrimidinic site) lyase activity. In vivo, appears to be the primary enzyme involved in removing Sp and Gh from ssDNA in neonatal tissues. Seems to be an important facilitator of cell proliferation in certain populations, for example neural stem/progenitor cells and tumor cells, suggesting a role in replication-associated DNA repair.

Isoforms / Transcripts (Protein Coding)

Protein Length Ensembl Gene Ensembl Transcript Ensembl Protein Uniprot Isoform

Sub-cellular localization

UniProt: NEIL3 is active in the following subcellular-locations: nucleus.
GO terms: NEIL3 is active in the following subcellular-locations: nucleoplasm, nucleus.

GO terms

Gene Copy Number Variation

In COSMIC - Cell Lines Project NEIL3 has gain in 2 cell-lines, loss in 14 cell-lines and no signal in 989 cell-lines. (see details)

Gene Expression

In NCI60, the highest expressing cell lines are: CCRF_CEM, SF_268, NCI_H460

In Array Express (RNA-seq of 675 commonly used human cancer cell lines), the highest expressing cell lines are: MG-63, SU-DHL-1, NCI-H2023

In Array Express (RNA-seq of long poly adenylated RNA and long non poly adenylated RNA from ENCODE cell lines), the highest expressing cell lines are: A549, HMEC, HeLa-S3

(see details)

3D Structures

At greater than 75% identity similarity to NEIL3 there are:
1 structures (1 chains) solved
0 are solved in complex with at least one small molecule ligand

(see details)
Molecular Target 3D Synopsis