Molecular Target Synopsis
Overview
Domains and Structures
Drugs and Clinical Candidates
Druggability
Chemistry
Ligand Efficiency Plot
Pathways
Family Cladogram
Interaction Network
Gene Expression
Gene Copy Number Variation
RNAi
Mutations
Germline Genetics

PLD6 (Q8N2A8) - Overview - Molecular Target Synopsis

Protein


PLD6, Mitochondrial cardiolipin hydrolase
Enzyme Classification 3.1.-.-
UniProt Q8N2A8

Also Known as PLD6_HUMAN, PLD6

Endonuclease that plays a critical role in PIWI-interacting RNA (piRNA) biogenesis during spermatogenesis. piRNAs provide essential protection against the activity of mobile genetic elements (By similarity). piRNA-mediated transposon silencing is thus critical for maintaining genome stability, in particular in germline cells when transposons are mobilized as a consequence of wide-spread genomic demethylation (By similarity). Has been proposed to act as a cardiolipin hydrolase to generate phosphatidic acid at mitochondrial surface (By similarity). Although it cannot be excluded that it can act as a phospholipase in some circumstances, it should be noted that cardiolipin hydrolase activity is either undetectable in vitro, or very low (PubMed:21397848). In addition, cardiolipin is almost exclusively found on the inner mitochondrial membrane, while PLD6 localizes to the outer mitochondrial membrane, facing the cytosol (PubMed:21397848). Has been shown to be a backbone-non-specific, single strand-specific nuclease, cleaving either RNA or DNA substrates with similar affinity. Produces 5' phosphate and 3' hydroxyl termini, suggesting it could directly participate in the processing of primary piRNA transcripts (By similarity). Also acts as a regulator of mitochondrial shape through facilitating mitochondrial fusion (PubMed:17028579, PubMed:26711011). Homodimer (PubMed:17028579). Interacts with MOV10L1 (By similarity). Interacts with MIGA1 and MIGA2; possibly facilitating homodimer formation (PubMed:26711011).

Isoforms / Transcripts (Protein Coding)


Protein Length Ensembl Gene Ensembl Transcript Ensembl Protein Uniprot Isoform
252ENSG00000179598ENST00000321560ENSP00000317177Q8N2A8-1

Sub-cellular localization


UniProt: PLD6 is active in the following subcellular-locations: mitochondrion outer membrane.
GO terms: PLD6 is active in the following subcellular-locations: integral component of membrane, mitochondrial outer membrane.



UniProt
GO terms

Gene Copy Number Variation


In COSMIC - Cell Lines Project PLD6 has gain in 4 cell-lines, loss in 6 cell-lines and no signal in 995 cell-lines. (see details)

Gene Expression


In NCI60, the highest expressing cell lines are: SN12C, LOXIMVI, K_562

In Array Express (RNA-seq of 675 commonly used human cancer cell lines), the highest expressing cell lines are: NCI-H82, Hs 746T, NCI-H847

In Array Express (RNA-seq of long poly adenylated RNA and long non poly adenylated RNA from ENCODE cell lines), the highest expressing cell lines are: A549, NHLF, HMEC

(see details)

3D Structures


At greater than 75% identity similarity to PLD6 there are:
2 structures (2 chains) solved
0 are solved in complex with at least one small molecule ligand



(see details)
Molecular Target 3D Synopsis