RNF111 (Q6ZNA4) - Overview - Molecular Target Synopsis
RNF111, E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase Arkadia
Enzyme Classification 22.214.171.124
Also Known as RN111_HUMAN, RNF111
E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase (PubMed:26656854). Required for mesoderm patterning during embryonic development (By similarity). Acts as an enhancer of the transcriptional responses of the SMAD2/SMAD3 effectors, which are activated downstream of BMP (PubMed:14657019, PubMed:16601693). Acts by mediating ubiquitination and degradation of SMAD inhibitors such as SMAD7, inducing their proteasomal degradation and thereby enhancing the transcriptional activity of TGF-beta and BMP (PubMed:14657019, PubMed:16601693). In addition to enhance transcription of SMAD2/SMAD3 effectors, also regulates their turnover by mediating their ubiquitination and subsequent degradation, coupling their activation with degradation, thereby ensuring that only effectors 'in use' are degraded (By similarity). Activates SMAD3/SMAD4-dependent transcription by triggering signal-induced degradation of SNON isoform of SKIL (PubMed:17591695). Associates with UBE2D2 as an E2 enzyme (PubMed:22411132). Specifically binds polysumoylated chains via SUMO interaction motifs (SIMs) and mediates ubiquitination of sumoylated substrates (PubMed:23751493). Catalyzes 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitination of sumoylated XPC in response to UV irradiation, promoting nucleotide excision repair (PubMed:23751493). Mediates ubiquitination and degradation of sumoylated PML (By similarity). The regulation of the BMP-SMAD signaling is however independent of sumoylation and is not dependent of SUMO interaction motifs (SIMs). Monomer (PubMed:26656854). Interacts with SMAD6, SMAD7, AXIN1, AXIN2 and SKIL isoform SNON (PubMed:16601693, PubMed:17591695). Interacts with (phosphorylated) SMAD2 and SMAD3 (By similarity). Part of a complex containing RNF111, AXIN1 and SMAD7 (PubMed:16601693). Interacts (via SIM domains) with SUMO1 and SUMO2 (PubMed:23086935).
|Protein Length||Ensembl Gene||Ensembl Transcript||Ensembl Protein||Uniprot Isoform|
|1003||ENSG00000157450||ENST00000434298, ENST00000561186||ENSP00000393641, ENSP00000453015||Q6ZNA4-3|
UniProt: RNF111 is active in the following subcellular-locations: cytoplasm, nucleus, pml body.
GO terms: RNF111 is active in the following subcellular-locations: cytoplasm, cytosol, nucleoplasm, nucleus, PML body, protein-containing complex.