Mst1r, Macrophage-stimulating protein receptor
Enzyme Classification 188.8.131.52
Also Known as
RON_MOUSE, Mst1r, Ron, Stk
Receptor tyrosine kinase that transduces signals from the extracellular matrix into the cytoplasm by binding to MST1 ligand. Regulates many physiological processes including cell survival, migration and differentiation. Ligand binding at the cell surface induces autophosphorylation of RON on its intracellular domain that provides docking sites for downstream signaling molecules. Following activation by ligand, interacts with the PI3-kinase subunit PIK3R1, PLCG1 or the adapter GAB1. Recruitment of these downstream effectors by RON leads to the activation of several signaling cascades including the RAS-ERK, PI3 kinase-AKT, or PLCgamma-PKC. RON signaling activates the wound healing response by promoting epithelial cell migration, proliferation as well as survival at the wound site. Plays also a role in the innate immune response by regulating the migration and phagocytic activity of macrophages. Alternatively, RON can also promote signals such as cell migration and proliferation in response to growth factors other than MST1 ligand. Heterodimer of an alpha chain and a beta chain which are disulfide linked. Binds PLXNB1. Associates with and is negatively regulated by HYAL2. Interacts when phosphorylated with downstream effectors including PIK3R1, PCLG1, GRB2 and GAB1. Interacts with integrin beta1/ITGB1 in a ligand-independent fashion. Isoform sf-Stk forms covalent heterodimers with friend spleen focus-forming virus (FSFFV) gp55.