Molecular Target Synopsis
Overview
Domains and Structures
Drugs and Clinical Candidates
Druggability
Chemistry
Ligand Efficiency Plot
Pathways
Family Cladogram
Interaction Network
Gene Expression
Gene Copy Number Variation
RNAi
Mutations
Germline Genetics

SMN1,SMN2 (Q16637) - Overview - Molecular Target Synopsis

Protein


SMN1,SMN2, Survival motor neuron protein
UniProt Q16637

Also Known as SMN_HUMAN, SMN1,SMN2, SMN, SMNT, SMNC

The SMN complex plays a catalyst role in the assembly of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs), the building blocks of the spliceosome. Thereby, plays an important role in the splicing of cellular pre-mRNAs. Most spliceosomal snRNPs contain a common set of Sm proteins SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG that assemble in a heptameric protein ring on the Sm site of the small nuclear RNA to form the core snRNP. In the cytosol, the Sm proteins SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG are trapped in an inactive 6S pICln-Sm complex by the chaperone CLNS1A that controls the assembly of the core snRNP. Dissociation by the SMN complex of CLNS1A from the trapped Sm proteins and their transfer to an SMN-Sm complex triggers the assembly of core snRNPs and their transport to the nucleus. Ensures the correct splicing of U12 intron-containing genes that may be important for normal motor and proprioceptive neurons development. Also required for resolving RNA-DNA hybrids created by RNA polymerase II, that form R-loop in transcription terminal regions, an important step in proper transcription termination. May also play a role in the metabolism of small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein (snoRNPs). Homodimer (PubMed:14715275). Part of the core SMN complex that contains SMN1, GEMIN2/SIP1, DDX20/GEMIN3, GEMIN4, GEMIN5, GEMIN6, GEMIN7, GEMIN8 and STRAP/UNRIP (PubMed:9323129). Part of the SMN-Sm complex that contains SMN1, GEMIN2/SIP1, DDX20/GEMIN3, GEMIN4, GEMIN5, GEMIN6, GEMIN7, GEMIN8, STRAP/UNRIP and the Sm proteins SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG (PubMed:12065586, PubMed:18984161). Component of an import snRNP complex composed of KPNB1, RNUT1, SMN1 and ZNF259 (PubMed:12095920). Interacts with DDX20, FBL, NOLA1, RNUT1, SYNCRIP and with several spliceosomal snRNP core Sm proteins, including SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3, SNRPE and ILF3 (PubMed:11574476, PubMed:12095920). Interacts with OSTF1, LSM10, LSM11 and RPP20/POP7 (PubMed:11551898, PubMed:12975319, PubMed:16087681, PubMed:14715275). Interacts (via C-terminal region) with ZPR1 (via C-terminal region) (PubMed:11283611). Interacts (via Tudor domain) with COIL (PubMed:11641277). Interacts with SETX; recruits SETX to POLR2A (PubMed:21700224, PubMed:26700805). Interacts with POLR2A (via the C-terminal domain (CTD)) (PubMed:26700805). Interacts with PRMT5 (PubMed:26700805). Interacts with XRN2 (PubMed:26700805). Interacts (via C-terminus) with FMR1 (via C-terminus); the interaction is direct and occurs in a RNA-independent manner (PubMed:18093976). Interacts (via Tudor domain) with SF3B2 ('Arg-508'-methylated form) (PubMed:25737013). Interacts with WRAP53/TCAB1 (PubMed:21072240).

5XJT
17 RESIDUE FRAGMENT OF
SURVIVAL MOTOR NEURON PROTEIN
IN THE STRUCTURE OF
CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE GEMIN2-BINDING DOMAIN OF SMN, GEMIN2 IN COMPLEX WITH SMD1(1-82)/D2.R61A/F/E/G FROM HUMAN
RCSB/PDB
Inspect Structure
See all 3D Structures for SMN1,SMN2

Isoforms / Transcripts (Protein Coding)


Sub-cellular localization


UniProt: SMN1,SMN2 is active in the following subcellular-locations: cajal body, cell projection, cytoplasm, cytoplasmic granule, gem, myofibril, nucleus, perikaryon, sarcomere, z line.
GO terms: SMN1,SMN2 is active in the following subcellular-locations: Cajal body, cytoplasm, cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein granule, cytosol, Gemini of coiled bodies, neuron projection, nucleoplasm, nucleus, perikaryon, SMN complex, SMN-Sm protein complex, Z disc.



UniProt
GO terms

Gene Copy Number Variation


In COSMIC - Cell Lines Project SMN1,SMN2 has gain in 1 cell-lines, loss in 2 cell-lines and no signal in 1002 cell-lines. (see details)

Gene Expression


In NCI60, the highest expressing cell lines are:

In Array Express (RNA-seq of 675 commonly used human cancer cell lines), the highest expressing cell lines are:

In Array Express (RNA-seq of long poly adenylated RNA and long non poly adenylated RNA from ENCODE cell lines), the highest expressing cell lines are:

(see details)

3D Structures


For SMN1,SMN2 there are:
13 structures (13 chains) solved
3 are solved in complex with at least one small molecule ligand



(see details)
Molecular Target 3D Synopsis

Screening and Chemistry


SMN1,SMN2 has been screened with 181 compounds (343 bioactivities), 9 compounds have bioactivities that show binding affinity of <= 500nM (9 bioactivities). (see details)