MAP4K2 (Q12851) - Overview - Molecular Target Synopsis
MAP4K2, Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase kinase 2
Enzyme Classification 188.8.131.52
Also Known as M4K2_HUMAN, MAP4K2, GCK, RAB8IP
Serine/threonine-protein kinase which acts as an essential component of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway. Acts as a MAPK kinase kinase kinase (MAP4K) and is an upstream activator of the stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (SAP/JNK) signaling pathway and to a lesser extent of the p38 MAPKs signaling pathway. Required for the efficient activation of JNKs by TRAF6-dependent stimuli, including pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) such as polyinosine-polycytidine (poly(IC)), lipopolysaccharides (LPS), lipid A, peptidoglycan (PGN), or bacterial flagellin. To a lesser degree, IL-1 and engagement of CD40 also stimulate MAP4K2-mediated JNKs activation. The requirement for MAP4K2/GCK is most pronounced for LPS signaling, and extends to LPS stimulation of c-Jun phosphorylation and induction of IL-8. Enhances MAP3K1 oligomerization, which may relieve N-terminal mediated MAP3K1 autoinhibition and lead to activation following autophosphorylation. Mediates also the SAP/JNK signaling pathway and the p38 MAPKs signaling pathway through activation of the MAP3Ks MAP3K10/MLK2 and MAP3K11/MLK3. May play a role in the regulation of vesicle targeting or fusion. regulation of vesicle targeting or fusion. Interacts with TRAF2, TRAF6, MAP3K1/MEKK1 and MAP3K11/MLK3. Interacts with RAB8A (By similarity).
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UniProt: MAP4K2 is active in the following subcellular-locations: basolateral cell membrane, cytoplasm, golgi apparatus membrane.
GO terms: MAP4K2 is active in the following subcellular-locations: basolateral plasma membrane, cytoplasm, Golgi membrane.