PRKCZ (Q05513) - Overview - Molecular Target Synopsis
PRKCZ, Protein kinase C zeta type
Enzyme Classification 126.96.36.199
Also Known as KPCZ_HUMAN, PRKCZ, PKC2
Calcium- and diacylglycerol-independent serine/threonine-protein kinase that functions in phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase cascade, and is involved in NF-kappa-B activation, mitogenic signaling, cell proliferation, cell polarity, inflammatory response and maintenance of long-term potentiation (LTP). Upon lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment in macrophages, or following mitogenic stimuli, functions downstream of PI3K to activate MAP2K1/MEK1-MAPK1/ERK2 signaling cascade independently of RAF1 activation. Required for insulin-dependent activation of AKT3, but may function as an adapter rather than a direct activator. Upon insulin treatment may act as a downstream effector of PI3K and contribute to the activation of translocation of the glucose transporter SLC2A4/GLUT4 and subsequent glucose transport in adipocytes. In EGF-induced cells, binds and activates MAP2K5/MEK5-MAPK7/ERK5 independently of its kinase activity and can activate JUN promoter through MEF2C. Through binding with SQSTM1/p62, functions in interleukin-1 signaling and activation of NF-kappa-B with the specific adapters RIPK1 and TRAF6. Participates in TNF-dependent transactivation of NF-kappa-B by phosphorylating and activating IKBKB kinase, which in turn leads to the degradation of NF-kappa-B inhibitors. In migrating astrocytes, forms a cytoplasmic complex with PARD6A and is recruited by CDC42 to function in the establishment of cell polarity along with the microtubule motor and dynein. In association with FEZ1, stimulates neuronal differentiation in PC12 cells. In the inflammatory response, is required for the T-helper 2 (Th2) differentiation process, including interleukin production, efficient activation of JAK1 and the subsequent phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of STAT6. May be involved in development of allergic airway inflammation (asthma), a process dependent on Th2 immune response. In the NF-kappa-B-mediated inflammatory response, can relieve SETD6-dependent repression of NF-kappa-B target genes by phosphorylating the RELA subunit at 'Ser-311'. In vein endothelial cells treated with the oxidant peroxynitrite, phosphorylates STK11 leading to nuclear export of STK11, subsequent inhibition of PI3K/Akt signaling, and increased apoptosis. Phosphorylates VAMP2 in vitro (PubMed:17313651)., Isoform 2: Involved in late synaptic long term potention phase in CA1 hippocampal cells and long term memory maintenance. Forms a ternary complex with SQSTM1 and KCNAB2. Forms another ternary complex with SQSTM1 and GABRR3. Forms a complex with SQSTM1 and MAP2K5 (By similarity). Interacts with PARD6A, PARD6B, PARD6G and SQSTM1. Part of a complex with PARD3, PARD6A or PARD6B or PARD6G and CDC42 or RAC1. Interacts with ADAP1/CENTA1. Forms a ternary complex composed of SQSTM1 and PAWR. Interacts directly with SQSTM1 (Probable). Interacts with IKBKB. Interacts (via the protein kinase domain) with WWC1. Forms a tripartite complex with WWC1 and DDR1, but predominantly in the absence of collagen. Component of the Par polarity complex, composed of at least phosphorylated PRKCZ, PARD3 and TIAM1. Interacts with PDPK1 (via N-terminal region). Interacts with WDFY2 (via WD repeats 1-3) (PubMed:16792529). Interacts with VAMP2 (PubMed:17313651). Forms a complex with WDFY2 and VAMP2 (PubMed:17313651). Interacts with APPL1 (PubMed:26583432).
|Protein Length||Ensembl Gene||Ensembl Transcript||Ensembl Protein||Uniprot Isoform|
|409||ENSG00000067606||ENST00000400921, ENST00000400920||ENSP00000383712, ENSP00000383711||Q05513-2|
UniProt: PRKCZ is active in the following subcellular-locations: cell junction, cytoplasm, endosome, membrane.
GO terms: PRKCZ is active in the following subcellular-locations: apical cortex, apical plasma membrane, axon hillock, bicellular tight junction, cell junction, cell leading edge, cell-cell junction, cytoplasm, cytosol, endosome, extracellular exosome, glutamatergic synapse, membrane, membrane raft, microtubule organizing center, myelin sheath abaxonal region, nuclear envelope, nuclear matrix, perinuclear region of cytoplasm, plasma membrane, postsynaptic density, protein-containing complex, Schaffer collateral - CA1 synapse, stress fiber, vesicle.