tatA, Sec-independent protein translocase protein TatA
Also Known as
TATA_ECOLI, tatA, mttA1, yigT
Part of the twin-arginine translocation (Tat) system that transports large folded proteins containing a characteristic twin-arginine motif in their signal peptide across membranes. TatA could form the protein-conducting channel of the Tat system. The Tat system comprises two distinct complexes: a TatABC complex, containing multiple copies of TatA, TatB and TatC subunits, and a separate TatA complex, containing only TatA subunits. Substrates initially bind to the TatABC complex, which probably triggers association of the separate TatA complex to form the active translocon. A complex containing only TatA and TatB has also been identified. It could be either an assembly intermediate or a disassembly intermediate generated during translocation activity. Each of TatA, TatB and TatC are able to interact in pairs without the third partner; TatA also forms homooligomers.