RAB10, Ras-related protein Rab-10
Also Known as
The small GTPases Rab are key regulators of intracellular membrane trafficking, from the formation of transport vesicles to their fusion with membranes. Rabs cycle between an inactive GDP-bound form and an active GTP-bound form that is able to recruit to membranes different set of downstream effectors directly responsible for vesicle formation, movement, tethering and fusion (By similarity). That Rab is mainly involved in the biosynthetic transport of proteins from the Golgi to the plasma membrane. Regulates, for instance, SLC2A4/GLUT4 glucose transporter-enriched vesicles delivery to the plasma membrane. In parallel, it regulates the transport of TLR4, a toll-like receptor to the plasma membrane and therefore may be important for innate immune response. Plays also a specific role in asymmetric protein transport to the plasma membrane within the polarized neuron and epithelial cells. In neurons, it is involved in axonogenesis through regulation of vesicular membrane trafficking toward the axonal plasma membrane while in epithelial cells, it regulates transport from the Golgi to the basolateral membrane. Moreover, may play a role in the basolateral recycling pathway and in phagosome maturation. According to PubMed:23263280, may play a role in endoplasmic reticulum dynamics and morphology controlling tubulation along microtubules and tubules fusion. Interacts with MYO5A; mediates the transport to the plasma membrane of SLC2A4/GLUT4 storage vesicles (PubMed:22908308). Interacts with GDI1 and maybe with GDI2; negatively regulates RAB10 association with membranes and activation (PubMed:19570034). Interacts (GDP-bound form) with LLGL1; the interaction is direct and promotes RAB10 association with membranes and activation through competition with the Rab inhibitor GDI1 (By similarity). Interacts with EXOC4; probably associates with the exocyst (By similarity). Interacts (GTP-bound form) with MICALCL, MICAL1, MICAL3, EHBP1 and EHBP1L1; at least in case of MICAL1 two molecules of RAB10 can bind to one molecule of MICAL1 (PubMed:27552051). Interacts with TBC1D13 (By similarity). Interacts with SEC16A.