IRAK1 (P51617) - Overview - Molecular Target Synopsis
IRAK1, Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 1
Enzyme Classification 188.8.131.52
Also Known as IRAK1_HUMAN, IRAK1, IRAK
Serine/threonine-protein kinase that plays a critical role in initiating innate immune response against foreign pathogens. Involved in Toll-like receptor (TLR) and IL-1R signaling pathways. Is rapidly recruited by MYD88 to the receptor-signaling complex upon TLR activation. Association with MYD88 leads to IRAK1 phosphorylation by IRAK4 and subsequent autophosphorylation and kinase activation. Phosphorylates E3 ubiquitin ligases Pellino proteins (PELI1, PELI2 and PELI3) to promote pellino-mediated polyubiquitination of IRAK1. Then, the ubiquitin-binding domain of IKBKG/NEMO binds to polyubiquitinated IRAK1 bringing together the IRAK1-MAP3K7/TAK1-TRAF6 complex and the NEMO-IKKA-IKKB complex. In turn, MAP3K7/TAK1 activates IKKs (CHUK/IKKA and IKBKB/IKKB) leading to NF-kappa-B nuclear translocation and activation. Alternatively, phosphorylates TIRAP to promote its ubiquitination and subsequent degradation. Phosphorylates the interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7) to induce its activation and translocation to the nucleus, resulting in transcriptional activation of type I IFN genes, which drive the cell in an antiviral state. When sumoylated, translocates to the nucleus and phosphorylates STAT3. Homodimer (By similarity). Forms a complex with TRAF6, PELI1, IRAK4 and MYD88 (PubMed:16951688). Direct binding of SMAD6 to PELI1 prevents complex formation and hence negatively regulates IL1R-TLR signaling and eventually NF-kappa-B-mediated gene expression (PubMed:16951688). The TRAF6-PELI1-IRAK4-MYD88 complex recruits MAP3K7/TAK1, TAB1 and TAB2 to mediate NF-kappa-B activation (PubMed:16951688). Interaction with MYD88 recruits IRAK1 to the stimulated receptor complex (PubMed:9430229). Interacts with TOLLIP; this interaction occurs in the cytosol prior to receptor activation (PubMed:10854325). Interacts with IL1RL1 (PubMed:16286016). Interacts with PELI1 and TRAF6 (PubMed:12496252). Interacts (when polyubiquitinated) with IKBKG/NEMO (PubMed:18347055). Interacts with RSAD2/viperin (By similarity). Interacts with IRAK1BP1 (By similarity). Interacts with PELI2 (By similarity). Interacts with ZC3H12A; this interaction increases the interaction between ZC3H12A and IKBKB/IKKB (By similarity). Interacts with IRAK4 (PubMed:11960013). Interacts with PELI3 (PubMed:12874243). Interacts with INAVA; the interaction takes place upon PRR stimulation (PubMed:28436939). Interacts (via C-terminus) with NFATC4 (via N-terminus) (PubMed:18691762).
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UniProt: IRAK1 is active in the following subcellular-locations: cytoplasm, lipid droplet, nucleus.
GO terms: IRAK1 is active in the following subcellular-locations: cytoplasm, cytosol, endosome membrane, interleukin-1 receptor complex, lipid droplet, nucleus, plasma membrane.