MMP13 (P45452) - Overview - Molecular Target Synopsis
MMP13, Collagenase 3
Enzyme Classification 3.4.24.-
Also Known as MMP13_HUMAN, MMP13
Plays a role in the degradation of extracellular matrix proteins including fibrillar collagen, fibronectin, TNC and ACAN. Cleaves triple helical collagens, including type I, type II and type III collagen, but has the highest activity with soluble type II collagen. Can also degrade collagen type IV, type XIV and type X. May also function by activating or degrading key regulatory proteins, such as TGFB1 and CTGF. Plays a role in wound healing, tissue remodeling, cartilage degradation, bone development, bone mineralization and ossification. Required for normal embryonic bone development and ossification. Plays a role in the healing of bone fractures via endochondral ossification. Plays a role in wound healing, probably by a mechanism that involves proteolytic activation of TGFB1 and degradation of CTGF. Plays a role in keratinocyte migration during wound healing. May play a role in cell migration and in tumor cell invasion. Monomer. Interacts with TIMP1, TIMP2 and TIMP3. Binds (via the C-terminal region) to collagen.
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UniProt: MMP13 is active in the following subcellular-locations: extracellular matrix, extracellular space, secreted.
GO terms: MMP13 is active in the following subcellular-locations: extracellular matrix, extracellular region, extracellular space.