RAB5A, Ras-related protein Rab-5A
Also Known as
RAB5A_HUMAN, RAB5A, RAB5
The small GTPases Rab are key regulators of intracellular membrane trafficking, from the formation of transport vesicles to their fusion with membranes. Rabs cycle between an inactive GDP-bound form and an active GTP-bound form that is able to recruit to membranes different sets of downstream effectors directly responsible for vesicle formation, movement, tethering and fusion. RAB5A is required for the fusion of plasma membranes and early endosomes (PubMed:10818110, PubMed:14617813, PubMed:16410077, PubMed:15378032). Contributes to the regulation of filopodia extension (PubMed:14978216). Required for the exosomal release of SDCBP, CD63, PDCD6IP and syndecan (PubMed:22660413). Regulates maturation of apoptotic cell-containing phagosomes, probably downstream of DYN2 and PIK3C3. Interacts with SGSM1 and SGSM3 (By similarity). Interacts with PIK3CB (By similarity). Interacts with GDI1; this promotes dissociation from membranes (PubMed:23815289). Interacts with EEA1 (PubMed:10491193, PubMed:20534488). Interacts with RIN1 and GAPVD1, which regulate its pathway, probably by acting as a GEF (PubMed:11703925, PubMed:16410077). Interacts with RINL. Interacts with ALS2CL, SUN2, ZFYVE20 and RUFY1 (PubMed:10818110, PubMed:11062261, PubMed:15388334, PubMed:14617813, PubMed:16034420). Interacts with RABEP1; one RABEP1 homodimer binds two RAB5A chains, but at opposite sides of the dimer (PubMed:15378032). Interacts with OCRL (PubMed:25869668). Interacts with INPP5F. May be a component of a complex composed of RAB5A, DYN2 and PIK3C3 (By similarity). Does not interact with BLOC-3 complex (heterodimer of HPS1 and HPS4) (By similarity). Interacts with CLN5 (PubMed:22431521). Interacts with APPL2.