entA (P15047) - Overview - Molecular Target Synopsis
entA, 2,3-dihydro-2,3-dihydroxybenzoate dehydrogenase
Enzyme Classification 220.127.116.11
Also Known as ENTA_ECOLI, entA
Involved in the biosynthesis of the siderophore enterobactin (enterochelin), which is a macrocyclic trimeric lactone of N-(2,3-dihydroxybenzoyl)-serine. Catalyzes the reversible NAD-dependent oxidation of the C3-hydroxyl group of 2,3-dihydro-2,3-dihydroxybenzoate (2,3-diDHB), producing the transient intermediate 2-hydroxy-3-oxo-4,6-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate, which undergoes rapid aromatization to the final product, 2,3-dihydroxybenzoate (2,3-DHB). Only the compounds with a C3-hydroxyl group such as methyl 2,3-dihydro-2,3-dihydroxybenzoate, methyl-3-hydroxy-1,4-cyclohexadiene-1-carboxylate, trans-3-hydroxy-2-cyclohexene-1-carboxylate, cis-3-hydroxy-4-cyclohexene-1-carboxylate, cis-3-hydroxycyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid are oxidized to the corresponding ketone products. The stereospecificity of the C3 allylic alcohol group oxidation is 3R in a 1R,3R dihydro substrate. It can also increase the DHB-AMP ligase activity of EntE by interaction EntE. Homotetramer; dimer of dimers. EntA and EntE interact together.
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