Molecular Target Synopsis
Domains and Structures
Drugs and Clinical Candidates
Ligand Efficiency Plot
Family Cladogram
Interaction Network
Gene Expression
Gene Copy Number Variation
Germline Genetics

TP53 (P04637) - Overview - Molecular Target Synopsis


TP53, Cellular tumor antigen p53
UniProt P04637

Also Known as P53_HUMAN, TP53, P53

Acts as a tumor suppressor in many tumor types; induces growth arrest or apoptosis depending on the physiological circumstances and cell type. Involved in cell cycle regulation as a trans-activator that acts to negatively regulate cell division by controlling a set of genes required for this process. One of the activated genes is an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases. Apoptosis induction seems to be mediated either by stimulation of BAX and FAS antigen expression, or by repression of Bcl-2 expression. In cooperation with mitochondrial PPIF is involved in activating oxidative stress-induced necrosis; the function is largely independent of transcription. Induces the transcription of long intergenic non-coding RNA p21 (lincRNA-p21) and lincRNA-Mkln1. LincRNA-p21 participates in TP53-dependent transcriptional repression leading to apoptosis and seems to have an effect on cell-cycle regulation. Implicated in Notch signaling cross-over. Prevents CDK7 kinase activity when associated to CAK complex in response to DNA damage, thus stopping cell cycle progression. Isoform 2 enhances the transactivation activity of isoform 1 from some but not all TP53-inducible promoters. Isoform 4 suppresses transactivation activity and impairs growth suppression mediated by isoform 1. Isoform 7 inhibits isoform 1-mediated apoptosis. Regulates the circadian clock by repressing CLOCK-ARNTL/BMAL1-mediated transcriptional activation of PER2 (PubMed:24051492). Interacts with AXIN1. Probably part of a complex consisting of TP53, HIPK2 and AXIN1 (By similarity). Binds DNA as a homotetramer. Interacts with histone acetyltransferases EP300 and methyltransferases HRMT1L2 and CARM1, and recruits them to promoters. Interacts (via C-terminus) with TAF1; when TAF1 is part of the TFIID complex. Interacts with ING4; this interaction may be indirect. Found in a complex with CABLES1 and TP73. Interacts with HIPK1, HIPK2, and TP53INP1. Interacts with WWOX. May interact with HCV core protein. Interacts with USP7 and SYVN1. Interacts with HSP90AB1. Interacts with CHD8; leading to recruit histone H1 and prevent transactivation activity (By similarity). Interacts with ARMC10, BANP, CDKN2AIP, NUAK1, STK11/LKB1, UHRF2 and E4F1. Interacts with YWHAZ; the interaction enhances TP53 transcriptional activity. Phosphorylation of YWHAZ on 'Ser-58' inhibits this interaction. Interacts (via DNA-binding domain) with MAML1 (via N-terminus). Interacts with MKRN1. Interacts with PML (via C-terminus). Interacts with MDM2; leading to ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of TP53. Directly interacts with FBXO42; leading to ubiquitination and degradation of TP53. Interacts (phosphorylated at Ser-15 by ATM) with the phosphatase PP2A-PPP2R5C holoenzyme; regulates stress-induced TP53-dependent inhibition of cell proliferation. Interacts with PPP2R2A. Interacts with AURKA, DAXX, BRD7 and TRIM24. Interacts (when monomethylated at Lys-382) with L3MBTL1. Isoform 1 interacts with isoform 2 and with isoform 4. Interacts with GRK5. Binds to the CAK complex (CDK7, cyclin H and MAT1) in response to DNA damage. Interacts with CDK5 in neurons. Interacts with AURKB, SETD2, UHRF2 and NOC2L. Interacts (via N-terminus) with PTK2/FAK1; this promotes ubiquitination by MDM2. Interacts with PTK2B/PYK2; this promotes ubiquitination by MDM2. Interacts with PRKCG. Interacts with PPIF; the association implicates preferentially tetrameric TP53, is induced by oxidative stress and is impaired by cyclosporin A (CsA). Interacts with SNAI1; the interaction induces SNAI1 degradation via MDM2-mediated ubiquitination and inhibits SNAI1-induced cell invasion. Interacts with KAT6A. Interacts with UBC9. Interacts with ZNF385B; the interaction is direct. Interacts (via DNA-binding domain) with ZNF385A; the interaction is direct and enhances p53/TP53 transactivation functions on cell-cycle arrest target genes, resulting in growth arrest. Interacts with ANKRD2. Interacts with RFFL and RNF34; involved in p53/TP53 ubiquitination. Interacts with MTA1 and COP1. Interacts with CCAR2 (via N-terminus). Interacts with MORC3 (PubMed:17332504). Interacts (via C-terminus) with POU4F2 isoform 1 (via C-terminus) (PubMed:17145718). Interacts (via oligomerization region) with NOP53; the interaction is direct and may prevent the MDM2-mediated proteasomal degradation of TP53 (PubMed:22522597). Interacts with AFG1L; mediates mitochondrial translocation of TP53 (PubMed:27323408). Interacts with UBD (PubMed:25422469). Interacts with TAF6 isoform 1 and isoform 4 (PubMed:20096117). Interacts with C10orf90/FATS; the interaction inhibits binding of TP53 and MDM2.

Inspect Structure
See all 3D Structures for TP53

Isoforms / Transcripts (Protein Coding)

Sub-cellular localization

UniProt: TP53 is active in the following subcellular-locations: cytoplasm, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondrion matrix, nucleus, pml body.
GO terms: TP53 is active in the following subcellular-locations: cytoplasm, cytosol, endoplasmic reticulum, intracellular, mitochondrial matrix, mitochondrion, nuclear chromatin, nuclear matrix, nucleolus, nucleoplasm, nucleus, PML body, protein-containing complex, transcription factor complex.

GO terms

Gene Copy Number Variation

In COSMIC - Cell Lines Project TP53 has gain in 1 cell-lines, loss in 12 cell-lines and no signal in 992 cell-lines. (see details)

Gene Expression

In NCI60, the highest expressing cell lines are: BT_549, HS578T, SW_620

In Array Express (RNA-seq of 675 commonly used human cancer cell lines), the highest expressing cell lines are: HCC1143, HCC4006, HCC1576

In Array Express (RNA-seq of long poly adenylated RNA and long non poly adenylated RNA from ENCODE cell lines), the highest expressing cell lines are: SK-N-SH, HSMM, HMEC

(see details)

3D Structures

For TP53 there are:
172 structures (376 chains) solved
54 are solved in complex with at least one small molecule ligand

(see details)
Molecular Target 3D Synopsis

Screening and Chemistry

TP53 has been screened with 830 compounds (1262 bioactivities), 211 compounds have bioactivities that show binding affinity of <= 500nM (291 bioactivities). (see details)