KDM1A, Lysine-specific histone demethylase 1A
Enzyme Classification 1.-.-.-
Also Known as
KDM1A_HUMAN, KDM1A, AOF2, KDM1, KIAA0601, LSD1
Histone demethylase that demethylates both 'Lys-4' (H3K4me) and 'Lys-9' (H3K9me) of histone H3, thereby acting as a coactivator or a corepressor, depending on the context. Acts by oxidizing the substrate by FAD to generate the corresponding imine that is subsequently hydrolyzed. Acts as a corepressor by mediating demethylation of H3K4me, a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation. Demethylates both mono- (H3K4me1) and di-methylated (H3K4me2) H3K4me. May play a role in the repression of neuronal genes. Alone, it is unable to demethylate H3K4me on nucleosomes and requires the presence of RCOR1/CoREST to achieve such activity. Also acts as a coactivator of androgen receptor (ANDR)-dependent transcription, by being recruited to ANDR target genes and mediating demethylation of H3K9me, a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional repression. The presence of PRKCB in ANDR-containing complexes, which mediates phosphorylation of 'Thr-6' of histone H3 (H3T6ph), a specific tag that prevents demethylation H3K4me, prevents H3K4me demethylase activity of KDM1A. Demethylates di-methylated 'Lys-370' of p53/TP53 which prevents interaction of p53/TP53 with TP53BP1 and represses p53/TP53-mediated transcriptional activation. Demethylates and stabilizes the DNA methylase DNMT1. Required for gastrulation during embryogenesis. Component of a RCOR/GFI/KDM1A/HDAC complex that suppresses, via histone deacetylase (HDAC) recruitment, a number of genes implicated in multilineage blood cell development. Effector of SNAI1-mediated transcription repression of E-cadherin/CDH1, CDN7 and KRT8. Required for the maintenance of the silenced state of the SNAI1 target genes E-cadherin/CDH1 and CDN7. Component of a RCOR/GFI/KDM1A/HDAC complex (PubMed:12032298, PubMed:11102443). Interacts directly with GFI1 and GFI1B. Interacts with INSM1 (By similarity). Component of a BHC histone deacetylase complex that contains HDAC1, HDAC2, HMG20B, KDM1A, RCOR1 and PHF21A. The BHC complex may also contain ZMYM2, ZNF217, ZMYM3, GSE1 and GTF2I (PubMed:12493763, PubMed:16140033, PubMed:16885027). In the complex, RCOR1/CoREST strongly enhances the demethylase activity and protects it from the proteasome while PHF21A/BHC80 inhibits the demethylase activity (PubMed:16079794, PubMed:16956976). Interacts with the androgen receptor (AR) (PubMed:16079795). Interacts with SNAI1 (via SNAG domain) (PubMed:20562920). Interacts (via AOD/Tower domain) with JADE2 (via C-terminus) (PubMed:25018020). Interacts with ESRRB; co-occupes the core set of ESRRB targets.