AURKA, Aurora kinase A
Enzyme Classification 126.96.36.199
Also Known as
AURKA_HUMAN, AURKA, AIK, AIRK1, ARK1, AURA, AYK1, BTAK, IAK1, STK15, STK6
Mitotic serine/threonine kinase that contributes to the regulation of cell cycle progression. Associates with the centrosome and the spindle microtubules during mitosis and plays a critical role in various mitotic events including the establishment of mitotic spindle, centrosome duplication, centrosome separation as well as maturation, chromosomal alignment, spindle assembly checkpoint, and cytokinesis. Required for normal spindle positioning during mitosis and for the localization of NUMA1 and DCTN1 to the cell cortex during metaphase (PubMed:27335426). Required for initial activation of CDK1 at centrosomes. Phosphorylates numerous target proteins, including ARHGEF2, BORA, BRCA1, CDC25B, DLGP5, HDAC6, KIF2A, LATS2, NDEL1, PARD3, PPP1R2, PLK1, RASSF1, TACC3, p53/TP53 and TPX2. Regulates KIF2A tubulin depolymerase activity. Required for normal axon formation. Plays a role in microtubule remodeling during neurite extension. Important for microtubule formation and/or stabilization. Also acts as a key regulatory component of the p53/TP53 pathway, and particularly the checkpoint-response pathways critical for oncogenic transformation of cells, by phosphorylating and stabilizing p53/TP53. Phosphorylates its own inhibitors, the protein phosphatase type 1 (PP1) isoforms, to inhibit their activity. Necessary for proper cilia disassembly prior to mitosis. Interacts with FBXL7 (By similarity). Interacts with CPEB1, JTB, TACC1, TPX2, PPP2CA, as well as with the protein phosphatase type 1 (PP1) isoforms PPP1CA, PPP1CB and PPP1CC. Interacts also with its substrates ARHGEF2, BORA, BRCA1, KIF2A, PARD3, and p53/TP53. Interaction with BORA promotes phosphorylation of PLK1. Interacts with PIFO. Interacts with GADD45A, competing with its oligomerization. Interacts (via C-terminus) with AUNIP (via C-terminus). Identified in a complex with AUNIP and NIN. Interacts with FRY; this interaction facilitates AURKA-mediated PLK1 phosphorylation. Interacts with SIRT2 (PubMed:17726514, PubMed:22014574). Interacts with MYCN; interaction is phospho-independent and triggers AURKA activation; AURKA competes with FBXW7 for binding to unphosphorylated MYCN but not for binding to phosphorylated MYCN (PubMed:27837025). Interacts with HNRNPU (PubMed:21242313, PubMed:25986610).