MAP2K7, Dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 7
Enzyme Classification 18.104.22.168
Also Known as
MP2K7_HUMAN, MAP2K7, JNKK2, MEK7, MKK7, PRKMK7, SKK4
Dual specificity protein kinase which acts as an essential component of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway. Essential component of the stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (SAP/JNK) signaling pathway. With MAP2K4/MKK4, is the one of the only known kinase to directly activate the stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinases MAPK8/JNK1, MAPK9/JNK2 and MAPK10/JNK3. MAP2K4/MKK4 and MAP2K7/MKK7 both activate the JNKs by phosphorylation, but they differ in their preference for the phosphorylation site in the Thr-Pro-Tyr motif. MAP2K4/MKK4 shows preference for phosphorylation of the Tyr residue and MAP2K7/MKK7 for the Thr residue. The monophosphorylation of JNKs on the Thr residue is sufficient to increase JNK activity indicating that MAP2K7/MKK7 is important to trigger JNK activity, while the additional phosphorylation of the Tyr residue by MAP2K4/MKK4 ensures optimal JNK activation. Has a specific role in JNK signal transduction pathway activated by proinflammatory cytokines. The MKK/JNK signaling pathway is also involved in mitochondrial death signaling pathway, including the release cytochrome c, leading to apoptosis. Part of a non-canonical MAPK signaling pathway, composed of the upstream MAP3K12 kinase and downstream MAP kinases MAPK1/ERK2 and MAPK3/ERK1, that enhances the AP-1-mediated transcription of APP in response to APOE (PubMed:28111074). Interacts with isoform 1 of VRK2. Interacts (via its D domain) with its substrates MAPK8/JNK1, MAPK9/JNK2 and MAPK10/JNK3 (By similarity). Interacts (via its DVD domain) with MAP3Ks activators like MAP3K5/ASK1 and MAP3K1/MEKK1 (By similarity). Interacts with MAPK8IP1/JIP1, MAPK8IP2/JIP2 and MAPK8IP3/JIP3 scaffold proteins. Interacts with RASSF7, the interaction promotes phosphorylation. Found in a complex with SH3RF1, RAC1, MAP3K11/MLK3, MAPK8IP1/JIP1 and MAPK8/JNK1. Found in a complex with SH3RF1, RAC2, MAP3K7/TAK1, MAPK8IP1/JIP1, MAPK8/JNK1 and MAPK9/JNK2.