Molecular Target Synopsis
Overview
Domains and Structures
Drugs and Clinical Candidates
Druggability
Chemistry
Ligand Efficiency Plot
Pathways
Family Cladogram
Interaction Network
Gene Expression
Gene Copy Number Variation
RNAi
Mutations
Germline Genetics

SGK1 (O00141) - Overview - Molecular Target Synopsis

Protein


SGK1, Serine/threonine-protein kinase Sgk1
Enzyme Classification 2.7.11.1
UniProt O00141

Also Known as SGK1_HUMAN, SGK1, SGK

Serine/threonine-protein kinase which is involved in the regulation of a wide variety of ion channels, membrane transporters, cellular enzymes, transcription factors, neuronal excitability, cell growth, proliferation, survival, migration and apoptosis. Plays an important role in cellular stress response. Contributes to regulation of renal Na(+) retention, renal K(+) elimination, salt appetite, gastric acid secretion, intestinal Na(+)/H(+) exchange and nutrient transport, insulin-dependent salt sensitivity of blood pressure, salt sensitivity of peripheral glucose uptake, cardiac repolarization and memory consolidation. Up-regulates Na(+) channels: SCNN1A/ENAC, SCN5A and ASIC1/ACCN2, K(+) channels: KCNJ1/ROMK1, KCNA1-5, KCNQ1-5 and KCNE1, epithelial Ca(2+) channels: TRPV5 and TRPV6, chloride channels: BSND, CLCN2 and CFTR, glutamate transporters: SLC1A3/EAAT1, SLC1A2 /EAAT2, SLC1A1/EAAT3, SLC1A6/EAAT4 and SLC1A7/EAAT5, amino acid transporters: SLC1A5/ASCT2, SLC38A1/SN1 and SLC6A19, creatine transporter: SLC6A8, Na(+)/dicarboxylate cotransporter: SLC13A2/NADC1, Na(+)-dependent phosphate cotransporter: SLC34A2/NAPI-2B, glutamate receptor: GRIK2/GLUR6. Up-regulates carriers: SLC9A3/NHE3, SLC12A1/NKCC2, SLC12A3/NCC, SLC5A3/SMIT, SLC2A1/GLUT1, SLC5A1/SGLT1 and SLC15A2/PEPT2. Regulates enzymes: GSK3A/B, PMM2 and Na(+)/K(+) ATPase, and transcription factors: CTNNB1 and nuclear factor NF-kappa-B. Stimulates sodium transport into epithelial cells by enhancing the stability and expression of SCNN1A/ENAC. This is achieved by phosphorylating the NEDD4L ubiquitin E3 ligase, promoting its interaction with 14-3-3 proteins, thereby preventing it from binding to SCNN1A/ENAC and targeting it for degradation. Regulates store-operated Ca(+2) entry (SOCE) by stimulating ORAI1 and STIM1. Regulates KCNJ1/ROMK1 directly via its phosphorylation or indirectly via increased interaction with SLC9A3R2/NHERF2. Phosphorylates MDM2 and activates MDM2-dependent ubiquitination of p53/TP53. Phosphorylates MAPT/TAU and mediates microtubule depolymerization and neurite formation in hippocampal neurons. Phosphorylates SLC2A4/GLUT4 and up-regulates its activity. Phosphorylates APBB1/FE65 and promotes its localization to the nucleus. Phosphorylates MAPK1/ERK2 and activates it by enhancing its interaction with MAP2K1/MEK1 and MAP2K2/MEK2. Phosphorylates FBXW7 and plays an inhibitory role in the NOTCH1 signaling. Phosphorylates FOXO1 resulting in its relocalization from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Phosphorylates FOXO3, promoting its exit from the nucleus and interference with FOXO3-dependent transcription. Phosphorylates BRAF and MAP3K3/MEKK3 and inhibits their activity. Phosphorylates SLC9A3/NHE3 in response to dexamethasone, resulting in its activation and increased localization at the cell membrane. Phosphorylates CREB1. Necessary for vascular remodeling during angiogenesis. Sustained high levels and activity may contribute to conditions such as hypertension and diabetic nephropathy. Isoform 2 exhibited a greater effect on cell plasma membrane expression of SCNN1A/ENAC and Na(+) transport than isoform 1. Homodimer; disulfide-linked. Forms a trimeric complex with FBXW7 and NOTCH1. Interacts with MAPK3/ERK1, MAPK1/ERK2, MAP2K1/MEK1, MAP2K2/MEK2, NEDD4, NEDD4L, MAPT/TAU, MAPK7, CREB1, SLC9A3R2/NHERF2 and KCNJ1/ROMK1. Associates with the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2) via an interaction with MAPKAP1/SIN1.

3HDM
CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF SERUM AND GLUCOCORTICOID-REGULATED KINASE 1 IN COMPLEX WITH COMPOUND 1
RCSB/PDB
Inspect Structure
See all 3D Structures for SGK1

Isoforms / Transcripts (Protein Coding)


Sub-cellular localization


UniProt: SGK1 is active in the following subcellular-locations: cell membrane, cytoplasm, endoplasmic reticulum membrane, mitochondrion, nucleus.
GO terms: SGK1 is active in the following subcellular-locations: cytoplasm, cytosol, endoplasmic reticulum membrane, mitochondrion, nuclear speck, nucleus, plasma membrane.



UniProt
GO terms

Gene Copy Number Variation


In COSMIC - Cell Lines Project SGK1 has gain in 2 cell-lines, loss in 3 cell-lines and no signal in 1000 cell-lines. (see details)

Gene Expression


In NCI60, the highest expressing cell lines are: SK_MEL_28, M14, UACC_62

In Array Express (RNA-seq of 675 commonly used human cancer cell lines), the highest expressing cell lines are: IPC-298, 537 MEL, SK-MEL-28

In Array Express (RNA-seq of long poly adenylated RNA and long non poly adenylated RNA from ENCODE cell lines), the highest expressing cell lines are: SK-N-SH, HeLa-S3, NHLF

(see details)

RNA Interference


SGK1 was reported in the following RNAI studies:

Cell - Large Scale Profiling of Kinase Dependencies in Cancer Cell Lines, the highest RNAi cell lines are: MCF12A, CAL120. (see details)

3D Structures


For SGK1 there are:
3 structures (3 chains) solved
3 are solved in complex with at least one small molecule ligand



(see details)
Molecular Target 3D Synopsis

Screening and Chemistry


SGK1 has been screened with 1135 compounds (1911 bioactivities), 88 compounds have bioactivities that show binding affinity of <= 500nM (182 bioactivities). (see details)